Microsoft released a knowledge base article regarding CVE-2021-36934 . Bojan yesterday explained the vulnerability in more detail. Recent versions of Microsoft Windows expose several system files due to overly permissive access control lists. Of main interest is the Security Accounts Manager (SAM), which exposes password hashes. It has been demonstrated how this can easily be exploited by retrieving these files from shadow volumes.
Microsoft recommends to:
- restrict access to %windir%system32config
- delete shadow copies
Deleting shadow copies will of course affect any attempts to restore a prior system state. A new shadow copy may be created after the old copies are deleted and the permissions are adjusted.
Windows 10 1809 and newer are affected. This includes the Windows 11 Beta. Server versions of Windows are not affected. But Microsoft also states that they are still investigating which versions are affected.
Johannes B. Ullrich, Ph.D. , Dean of Research, SANS.edu
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